Smooth and rough green snakes

Rough and smooth green snakes are closely related and despite the fact that there are a few differences between them, caring for them is basically the same. These are both little, thin-bodied snakes local to North America. Rough snakes are seen frequently in the pet exchange than the smooth green snakes.

  • Names: Keeled snake, vine snake, garden snake, green whip snake, grass snake, smooth green snake (Opheodrys vernalis), rough green snake (Opheodrys aestivus)
  • Lifespan: Up to 15 years is accounted for rough green snakes but most of them don’t live that long. 6-8 years is more realistic.
  • Size: Rough green snakes can grow to be 2 to 3 feet long, while smooth green snakes are shorter and smaller and usually never exceeds 2 feet.

Green Snake Temperament and Behavior

Both smooth and rough green snakes are a brilliant emerald-green shading. They usually have a light yellow or cream-shaded belly. They are known to take up a pale blue tone when they feel excited. Since smooth and rough green snakes both have thin bodies, their cages should be sealed properly.

Housing the Green Snake

A 30-gallon tank is a decent choice since it gives a lot of room for greenery and also concealing spots. Green snakes are tranquil, can live comfortably so they can be kept in groups. The tank will require a tight-fitting fine mesh screen to secure all exit points.

Green snakes that don’t have bunches of greenery to cover up in could become stressed. These snakes are small enough to live on plants such as ivy, pothos, silk plants, and other nontoxic plants so fill something like 33% of the tank with greenery.


A recommended temperature range for green snakes is 70 to 80 F (21 to 27 C) but certain references have recommended a higher temperature range. In the evening, the temperature can be ideal to drop to somewhere in the range of 65 and 75 F (18 to 24 C).


An overhead warmth source, for example, a heat bulb (purple/blue or red at night and white light amid the day) or ceramic heat emitter is preferable. The overhead warmth source can be enhanced by warmth from an under tank heat map, however, ensure your snake cannot sit right at the top of the glass since the heat could cause thermal burns. Being diurnal, these snakes ought to likewise have a UVA/UVB bulb on for up to 12 hours daily.

Water and Food

Green snakes are insectivores and are among the few snakes that can survive just by feeding on insects. In the wild, they generally feed on spiders, fly larvae, caterpillars, grasshoppers, moths and crickets.

Mealworms can be occasionally fed to them but not all the time because their extreme exoskeletons may pose a danger of impaction. Dust prey with a calcium supplement at least a few times a week.

A shallow dish of water sufficiently extensive for the snake to move into for a bath, yet shallow enough to avert drowning, should be placed in the cage. Be that as it may, these snakes appear to favor drinking water beads off leaves instead of from a bowl so an everyday misting of the greenery is required.

Common Health Problems

As with best snakes trap common health problems may include respiratory infections and mouth rot (infectious stomatitis). These conditions can be treated by a reptile vet.